Squirrel Eating Sounds

Raccoons will come out at night; squirrels most often during the day. BIRD FEEDER PROBLEMSCompliments of Wild Birds Forever. Bill says that squirrel urine will rot up my clapboards. the best known ways of cooking a squirrel are fried squirrel and squirrel and dumplings. Squirrels like nuts and sneakers are full of it. They can even make these sounds when their mouths are full. All you have to do is plug in the Ultrasonic Squirrel Repeller and let it do its job. Owning a pair is like a fulltime job! It's expensive, takes HOURS a day, and the poor things usually die very young. However, a hunter may have a difficult time imitating this sound. Squirrels are quite happy to eat nuts with or without the shell, indeed it’s the process of extracting a nut from its shell gives the squirrel exercise and a way of sharpening its teeth. It is a conspiracy of nature! They don't know the difference between your so called bird feeder and the squirrel feeder you want them to use. Squirrels use noises to communicate and have conversations with each other. We need them to create hand-tied dressed hooks for our world-famous, fish-catching lures. Here are some helpful ways to keep squirrels out of bird feeders. Consider one with a time-release formula, to make the most of your effort and time. It is often found in woodlands, suburban areas and urban areas. Zebra Worksheets. Part #: AGRV3109 on this page. A Red Squirrel chatters. The most important thing here is to ensure that your state allows you to control the particular species that have invaded your property. Sounds crazy, I know, but it just may be the answer! 🙂 Food is an awesome portal to adventure and learning about others. squirrels are omnivores and will eat meat as it becomes available. Though her appearance was brief, the little squirrel was excited, cheerful and determined to make Arthur her mate. To listen to a sound file and view a waveform and spectrogram image click here. Squirrels, like many other mammals, engage in a process of courtship and mating that involves female mate choice. SoWhatcha Eating?, Air guns, Airgun Forum. Early spring is the hardest time of year for squirrels, since buried nuts begin to sprout and are no longer available for the squirrel to eat, and new food sources have not become available yet. This is the most environmentally friendly device, which issues a high pitch frequency sound, which causes all pests away. Man of God. Many squirrels also communicate with tail movements and foot stamping. The Native Americans of Kings River called the Douglas squirrel the ‘Pillillooeet’ - this is how the alarm call of this animal sounds like. How to Get Rid of a Squirrel in Your House. Squirrel Monkey Classification and EvolutionThe Squirrel Monkey is a small species of New World Monkey that is natively found in the forests and tropical jungles of Central and South America. You might hear an alarm call, raised because of the presence of an intruder -- which is you. I’m trying to spread happiness to the world with my squirrel photos videos & art #SquirrelCharmer #福りすのおねえさん♡アーティストチェルシー🍬. A squirrel baffle is a device that has been specially designed in a way that once installed on a poll or a pipe it prevents the squirrel from climbing up them. This can cause damage to the house and leaks and can keep you from sleeping because squirrel chewing is a loud noise. Squirrels are hit or miss though, some have been known to actually eat the marigolds. The fur on top is grayish brown, the underbelly fur is white. A disgusting smell. Rock squirrels can climb nearly as well as tree squirrels. I've seen them tempt dogs to chase them, look down from trees and squeak at the dog (or whatever that t. By far their favorite food would be nuts, followed by sunflower seeds. People shouldn’t let their children eat Twinkies® for dinner, and squirrels are no different. Why the sounds of eating make some people so angry. I have purchased animal Be Gone that was recommended. If there is a bad year food wise for the squirrels in my yard they go nuts and eat anything. With Mel Blanc, Paul Frees, Dick Beals, Daws Butler. On the bench Squirrel. Eating the local food is one of my favorite parts of traveling. Squirrels are not picky eaters. They wanted to know if a squirrel is similar to the chickadee. Squirrels are repelled away from the Yard Gard Ultrasonic Repeller because they cannot adapt to the constantly changing array of ultrasonic signals emitted by this device. Wally says, "I found a coffee stain on my. A mother squirrel will eat her own young in times of food scarcity. it may sound weird but this a big thing in the south. Here are some helpful ways to keep squirrels out of bird feeders. Download Grey squirrel eating nuts in the park Photos by salajean. Best Answer: Tree squrrels and chimpmunk won't eat grass. I knew that I had to look for some other way if I was going to able to have a garden. Learning how to properly protect your trees from curious, hungry squirrels is a must if you want your pecans to stay in the best selling and eating condition possible. In reality, talking to squirrels is not strange or bizarre at all. Squirrels are one of the few animals that are active during the day, making them easier to identify. The family Sciuridae consists of tree squirrels, ground squirrels, chipmunks, marmots, flying squirrels, and prairie dogs. sound insulation, and some of the interior. This extended portion is called the eave. However, a hunter may have a difficult time imitating this sound. When a squirrel makes your deck a home by gnawing on the wood, eating freshly planted seeds and destroying your bird feeders, eliminating it becomes a priority. Can you help me. Juveniles often play fight and chase each other around trees. Reproduction: Gray squirrel courtship is similar to the red squirrel’s, with 1-10 or more males engaging in “mating chases” of a female in estrous, the dominant male usually but not always mating with the female. Learn how to deter squirrels from your house, signs these rodents have made their way inside, how to stop squirrels from eating bird food and squirrel removal tips from the pros. fillet it and put it in foil with spices and lime and stick it in the oven? let me know what you have done. Large mammalian predators cause these squirrels to make a chattering sound (chatters and chats). Also, look for cuttings on the ground. Why do I need to get rid of squirrels? Q. Grey squirrels are not at all quiet, especially in the early morning hours. Eating nothing but meat sounds bad, nutritionally, but the lack of vegetables wouldn't necessarily kill you. Subscribe to Envato Elements for unlimited Photos downloads for a single monthly fee. " Squirrels are mammals. Newly, some extremely rare cases have been reported in Delaware Bay, where the water normally is too cold for the bacterium to survive. Tree squirrels strip the bark off redwood, red cedar, and certain other trees to line their nests. Check the size of the opening they are entering to help to determine which animal it may be. The number one reason for not using poisons (to me) is the squirrel will eat the poison and die in the insulation under the house where it has already (and unbeknownst to you) made a nest. I have never heard a squirrel that sounded like a crow nor have I heard a crow that sounds like a squirrel. Sound Effects. Squirrels are territorial creatures. When a squirrel enters your yard, get its attention by making a sound. Hello Edwhug, "A squirrel mother is nesting in our attic. The Knitted Squirrel I work full time, have 2 kids, a husband and a dog named Tiger. Named for their preference for sweet foods, sugar gliders enjoy drinking nectar and tree sap the wild. It may sound a bit nuts - but black squirrels are the has caused an outrage after eating. Like children, what they like to eat is not what they need. There are squirrels that are black, white, gray, brown and red. One of the most common squirrels in Maryland is the gray squirrel, which lives almost anywhere that it can find open woodlands (especially oak and hickory forests). These sounds do not come with a license for commercial use. fillet it and put it in foil with spices and lime and stick it in the oven? let me know what you have done. Students were devastated when a beloved white squirrel was killed in a terrible bike accident. The Indian palm squirrel naturally hunts for small mammals, birds and insects but the Indian palm squirrel has caused problems in recent years as the Indian palm squirrel has taken to eating crops. Serving and eating customs may reveal mindset and culture. Squirrels are repelled away from the Transonic Pro unit because they cannot adapt to the constantly changing array of ultrasonic and sonic signals emitted by this device. Place ground squirrel feeders along your property line to keep them from your home, but feasting at a distance. But I'm getting off-topic. Change your life with Nature Mentoring Discover the tools that help you activate your full potential & be a leader for positive human ecology. Deonisy Khlebnikov, 22, and Gatis Lagzdins, 29, bit. A sugar glider's diet should be no more than 5 percent treats. Males will use a similar call when they are looking for a mate, he’s trying to communicate he’s NOT dangerous just looking for love. This may sound crazybut I, need to get rid of squirrels! I had a friend die in a house fire caused by squirrels eating wire. Removing squirrels from the attic is a difficult project, and usually involves a nest of baby squirrels. Saw a Lexus with harness damage. Four squirrel species occur in Maryland - gray squirrel, red squirrel, flying squirrel and fox squirrel. But you want to feed the birds – not the squirrels. Preventing Squirrels from Eating Bird Seed. And I am aware they eat all kinds of goodies out of the garden. While squirrels are true hibernators, chipmunks will only sleep through the coldest spells of winter. These sounds do not come with a license for commercial use. Squirrels, rabbits, and other rodents apparently hate the smell, so it has kept all the pests at bay, at least in my yard. Was this an animal or cat that attack the squirrel and left the tail, even tho there was no evidence of blood. Animal Sound Effects Buttons, Interface and Video Game Sounds Creature, Monster Sounds Crowd Sound Effects Door Sound Effects Household, Office Sounds Human Sound Effects Imaging Elements SFX Mechanical Sound Effects Metal, Stone, Wood, Glass Natural Ambience Sounds Sci-Fi, Electronic, Fantasy Sound Design and Foley Sports Sound Effects Toy and. Also, string empty thread spools on. content This is the sounds of a happy raccoon. A flying squirrel that has established a bond with its owner will make an amazing pet. Squirrels may eventually gain access to your house from the roof and set up home in your attic or chimney. They rarely drink water but instead get most of their dietary moisture from fruits, berries, and fungi. The wildlife experts at Critter Control can help with the safe and humane removal of these pests when baby squirrel season occurs each year. Here are a few choices: “A squirrel's bark is much different than that of a dog [for example]. Adults can get territorial, but they usually don't fight. Though her appearance was brief, the little squirrel was excited, cheerful and determined to make Arthur her mate. Baffle Them: Our Advanced Pole System® (APS) Squirrel Baffle is designed to help make your bird feeding station squirrel-resistant. Nutrition for Flying Squirrels. How to Use Electronic Animal Repellents. Eating Nuts. Predators are the single largest threat to adolescent squirrels. Squirrels are not picky eaters. Use a wire cage trap at least 9 inches by 9 inches square and 2 feet long with doors on either end. The female gives birth to 3-4 young after a 44 day gestation, and the young grow quickly, and are weaned in about ten weeks. Squirrels can run really quickly, as fast as 20 mph. "The next time you hear kuks, look where the squirrel's looking and you'll see the reason. Once the squirrels are ready to be released, check the area you are going to release them in to make sure there is an ample supply of water and food and plenty of trees. Two men who ate dead squirrels outside a vegan food stall in protest against veganism have been convicted of public order offences and fined. These sounds do not come with a license for commercial use. Squirrels have a natural appetite for many native fruits, flowers, veggies, fungi, nuts, tree, plants and insects to their habitat. This can usually be heard in the morning or evening when squirrels are in the nest. That told me that they're not getting enough to eat. Any suggestions would be great. The female gives birth to 3-4 young after a 44 day gestation, and the young grow quickly, and are weaned in about ten weeks. Cape ground squirrels, however, are a desert species and conserve water by very rarely urinating. Start listening now!. Like the fox squirrel, flying squirrels are found throughout the eastern United States, southern parts of Canada, and in Central America. We remove squirrels in from homes and business in: Kitchener-Waterloo, Cambridge, Guelph, London, Ottawa, Montreal and Halifax. Some squirrels, however, also consume meat, especially when faced with hunger. squirrel phrase. SQuirreL SQL Client is a graphical Java program that will allow you to view the structure of a JDBC compliant database, browse the data in tables, issue SQL commands etc, see Getting Started and Introduction. It is worth noting that peanuts are nutritionally poor for squirrels and salted peanuts should always be avoided. Most people opt to feed squirrels peanuts and corn. Show off your favorite photos and videos to the world, securely and privately show content to your friends and family, or blog the photos and videos you take with a cameraphone. When the females first become fertile, they start producing sounds and scents attracting all the male squirrels available around. Acorns are popular if there are oak trees nearby to provide nuts. , firecrackers, human voices) have been employed to repel squirrels. It’s actually just a slider that fits to the pole and stops them being able to climb it. Add to Likebox #37241305 - Cute animals collection, baby animals, animals. Planning starts early in the rehabilitation process, from raising the squirrel in an appropriately sized release group, building a house, selecting a site, and taking into consideration factors and time of year. You will probably see someone answering this question with “DON’T FEED THEM ANYTHING!” or some variation thereof. Share the best GIFs now >>>. How to Use Electronic Animal Repellents. #LakeShow #HTTR. Free Squirrel sounds to use in your video projects made available for personal non-commercial projects. McRae believes squirrels have come up with these sounds and motions to tell predators that they've been spotted and to alert any nearby squirrel friends. McRae is conducting further research to see how other squirrels behave when such signals are displayed by others of their kind. Think about making tall wire cages. Also, string empty thread spools on. There won't be any more charming "cohabitation" at Stuyvesant Town and Peter Cooper Village. come by now for the latest trend of Red Squirrels Eating Habits with shop nearby your home. They seek the tender cambium layer of other trees for food. The pungent smell of pure apple cider vinegar repels the squirrels. Nature Red In Tooth And Squirrel. Dial the rodent (squirrel) setting and plug it in. Owls eat meat and to get meat they hunt and kill other animals. Since the Muscovy ducks are nasty and aggressive multiply like rabbits, it's o. Two Men Fined for Eating Raw Squirrels to Protest Veganism: Two men who claim veganism is unhealthy, staged a grisly protest in front of a vegan stall at a London outdoor market by eating raw, dead…. For this model, it features several sounds that could be important to the hunter. Ground squirrels are more vegetarian in their diet. 003j SB Popcorn eating Squirrels_OFC. Strangely enough if you play this sound backwards it sounds just like the co-cooo sound that some birds make. sometimes eating eggs, birds, and one another,. Squirrel Monkey Classification and EvolutionThe Squirrel Monkey is a small species of New World Monkey that is natively found in the forests and tropical jungles of Central and South America. What is an Eastern Gray Squirrel? The Eastern Gray Squirrel is a tree dwelling rodent, a very common species of squirrels, mostly found in North America. If you eat, surf online and read at your desk, you will find your desk a very distracting place to do your work. After a week, I am still finding squirrels hanging on the feeder. Sometimes you can hear the sound of nuts rolling around. Once the squirrels are ready to be released, check the area you are going to release them in to make sure there is an ample supply of water and food and plenty of trees. It's not just because people are sensitive. They get into your vegetable garden and ruin your veggies, they eat the seeds that you leave out for the birds. Male squirrels use scent glands on their cheeks and back to mark their territories. Well in addition to vocal sounds, squirrels chatter their teeth. sound insulation, and some of the interior. They enjoy eating the immature, green cones of white pine. Squirrels have been known to eat small birds, young snakes, and smaller rodents, as well as bird eggs and insects. White underparts and the distinctive bushy fan-like tail have black based, white tipped hairs. They make noises, cause damage, and leave their droppings behind for others to find. Squirrels can carry ticks and fleas which can easily be transmitted to you or your household. Slip the feeder onto a long wire and hang it between two trees, but away from any low branches. When the females first become fertile, they start producing sounds and scents attracting all the male squirrels available around. A feeding station for squirrels far away from the target vegetable garden could do the trick. Chattering noises might sound like some kind of bird, and squirrels can make a screeching noise similar to a bluejay. It would bury it in the leaves. They don't hunt them, but all rodents are not opposed to eating flesh if the need arises from lack of other food sources. Typically if a squirrel is getting into your engine compartment, there will also be like moss, nuts, bark etc. Some have chosen to provide food specifically for squirrels, hoping to distract them from eating bird seed. Here are a few choices: “A squirrel's bark is much different than that of a dog [for example]. When mid afternoon arrives the squirrels are back up and doing whatever it is they need to do to survive such as build new nest, hunt for food, and eat and drink water. If food is scarce, a squirrel may eat insects or bird eggs. They have two loose folds of skin between front and hind legs that helps them glide distances of more than 80 yards. Squirrels are vicious little critters, and I bet a lot of them have rabies. Morgan Giordano, AOL. I never thought that a squirrel would eat their way through metal gutters and soft metal plate behind the gutters. Florida's Frogs. This is the entertaining part of living with. This is especially true if you have squirrels living within the walls of your home or inside your garage or attic. McRae is conducting further research to see how other squirrels behave when such signals are displayed by others of their kind. Most species of squirrels are active during the day, especially at dawn and dusk. Squirrel Monkey Classification and EvolutionThe Squirrel Monkey is a small species of New World Monkey that is natively found in the forests and tropical jungles of Central and South America. The ALL ABOUT SQUIRRELS site has a ton of SQUIRREL article topics: the squirrel feeder, flying squirrel, ground squirrel, red and gray squirrel info, more!. Note: It is very important baby squirrels learn to eat rodent block (which is a large pellet, usually about 1” x ½ inch), since it will provide 100% nutrition while they are in captivity. r/photoshopbattles: Photoshop contests on reddit. Owls eat meat and to get meat they hunt and kill other animals. NOTE: Anything that eats “peanut butter poison” gets poisoned. While it may seem a rather complicated endeavor to get rid of squirrels, don’t be discouraged. You can now go hunting with it knowing that it will help you achieve the hunting goals. A squirrel will locate the general area of a buried food stash and then use its nose to pinpoint the location. Ground squirrels are essentially those squirrels, which are adapted to live either on or in the ground, rather than on trees. They weigh 5-9 ounces, are slender, and their ears are large and nearly hairless. Some squirrels, however, also consume meat, especially when faced with hunger. The bushy tail is nearly as long as the head and tail combined. Along with his adorable munching sounds, he's also wearing a fashionable helmet made from the shell of the avocado. That is first priority if possible in orphan wildlife rehabilitation. McRae believes squirrels have come up with these sounds and motions to tell predators that they've been spotted and to alert any nearby squirrel friends. A Red Squirrel chatters. Squirrels can live to 24 years of age. To choose the best squirrel bait, you need to think like a squirrel. While a gray squirrel can get inside your house, usually in the attic by way of a tree, they are typically not all that destructive. 254,000 hits, and TYWKIWDBI is #1. When Squirrels (or other rodents) eat your car's electrical wires. No, marigolds don't help keep squirrels from eating your tomatoes. Particularly vulnerable are grains, as well as nut and fruit trees such as almond, apple, apricot, avocado, orange, peach, pistachio, prune, and walnut. Below are 20 home remedies and natural squirrel repellants to get rid of squirrels from your house, attic, garden, and yard. While these devices may temporarily be successful at warding off squirrels, the effects are generally brief as the rodents become accustomed to the sounds. Covers up to 3,500 sq. That said, they aren't strictly herbivores in the way that cats are strictly carnivores. Squirrels, like most other small rodents, rarely get rabies. If you have easy access for a squirrel to get to your wood siding, then he will find it to be the perfect place to trim down his teeth. If neighborhood squirrels are invading your bird feeders and eating all the birdseed, we can help. His stomach was empty and angry, and had no qualms about letting him know. brainlordmesomorph: Given that a squirrel is a rodent, this would be a man-sized rat /which sounds disgusting. It just makes me so mad! I have so far trapped 7 of them and relocated them to a nice orange grove five miles from my garden. -the colonists are mighty nice. Early spring is the hardest time of year for squirrels, since buried nuts begin to sprout and are no longer available for the squirrel to eat, and new food sources have not become available yet. I looked out and there was a squirrel. Recordings of frightening sounds (e. What do squirrels eat? Well, squirrels just happen to eat a lot of things. Eastern Gray Squirrel: Squirrel Boxes and Seasonal Foods (PDF) N. with me if the hawks get a few. Squirrels make a variety of vocal noises. Here is a link that should help you out, and is interesting reading as well! Also included are alternative plants that are rather more uninteresting to the nibblers. The male may clap his wings when intruders approach the nest. Squirrels are equipped with very long incisors that help them to gnaw into the tough shells of nuts. Their young are noted for having sharp cries, while adult squirrels make noises that sound like "kuk" or "qua. Anon had been so absorbed in cleaning and getting things ready that he hadn't stopped to eat any breakfast. As with any technology, electric power is important, so check connections, batteries and solar panels if your device doesn’t seem to be working. Use a wire cage trap at least 9 inches by 9 inches square and 2 feet long with doors on either end. (That sound you just heard was the Hallmark Channel screaming at me. Most of their diet consists of grass. Fortunately, plenty of local. Unfortunately, squirrels are rather good at avoiding elimination tactics. Reproduction: Gray squirrel courtship is similar to the red squirrel’s, with 1-10 or more males engaging in “mating chases” of a female in estrous, the dominant male usually but not always mating with the female. The staccato sound indicates alarm. Protect tree bark from being stripped or eaten. If it's a squirrel, can it eat through the sheet rock? Can it bust through the wall? Anybody know who I can call? I'm afraid of whatever it is getting into my house. Of course, squirrels are known for eating nuts. It is a serious problem! Helpful. Minty Fresh. If your furry pal gets bitten or consumes a sick animal, he'll probably get infected with the bacteria. The world's largest rodent is commonly described as "Friend shaped" or "mom shaped" because it gets along with basically any other animal. They have a thin body and a tail that is very bushy. Preventing Squirrels from Eating Bird Seed. Nut said it can be somewhat overwhelming to emerge from such a small body and experience again the immensity of the entire Cosmos! So when George was letting go of his breath, Mr. Flying squirrels like to live on trees either in nests exactly like bird nests or in tree holes like tree squirrels. His stomach was empty and angry, and had no qualms about letting him know. They seek the tender cambium layer of other trees for food. By Scott Shalaway. What do you think it's trying to. As with their regular diet, the kinds of nuts squirrels eat depend on what they can get hold of. Eats nuts on white table Squirrel eating nuts. Since long before Dr. Here are some great ideas for greenhouses that you may really enjoy. Those who have gardens at home are building fences around. When do squirrels come into houses? Q. Eastern gray squirrels eat a range of foods, such as tree bark, tree buds, berries, many types of seeds and acorns, walnuts, and other nuts, like hazelnuts (see picture) and some types of fungi found in the forests, including fly agaric mushrooms (Amanita muscaria). Squirrels also tend to defecate in residential pools, as well as lakes, rivers and ponds. While you might not be able to bottle up the conspicuous smell of skunk to drive them out, you can depend on crown. Life keeps getting in the way of what I want to do! I love to knit (but there is NEVER enough time in the day), quilt, cross stitch, do stained glass and celtic step dance. , firecrackers, human voices) have been employed to repel squirrels. Red Squirrel Facts and Information Sciurus vulgaris Introduction to Red Squirrel. The word squirrel comes from the Greek word Skiouros meaning "shadow tail. But I'm getting off-topic. The pungent smell of pure apple cider vinegar repels the squirrels. So still being the stubborn sort, I decided to give squirrel another try. As these numbers continue to grow in urban areas, so do our opportunities to interact with them. The ultrasonic sound environment is intolerable to Squirrels. Protect tree bark from being stripped or eaten. People can survive on high-meat or all-meat diets, especially if they eat things like organ meat and bone marrow; there are more vitamins and nutrients found in those which are missing from the narrower range of mammal skeletal muscle. Squirrels eat nuts, berries, shoots and occasionally insects. So, if you wanna eat squirrel, just cook it well and you're good to go. Sunday, March 30, 2003. We use a section for feeders for birds, chipmunks, squirrels, raccoons, opossums, rabbits, and the occasional bear or fox. Covers up to 3,500 sq. Flying squirrels are the smallest of the tree squirrels,. Certainly the very first Americans ate them in abundance, as did the first European settlers, who cleared the ancient forests and issued. They're the same size & color of a regular squirrel only they aint go no hair on they tail. You can get hold of this item with sound price from online shopping web site. A mother squirrel will eat her own young in times of food scarcity. Bat Removal, Raccoon Removal, Skunk Removal, Squirrel Removal, Wildlife Management, Animal control, Pest control. The pesky critters are eating my new banana leaves before they unfold. 254,000 hits, and TYWKIWDBI is #1. Others will create very annoying sounds as they scurry around the attic searching for insects, nesting materials or a warm spot. Thought you heard a squirrel? Listen to an audio recording (mp3 file) of squirrel noises and sounds. Wildlife: Flying squirrels take off at night. How to stop squirrels eating your bird food. When squirrels bury seeds and forget them, these seeds are likely to sprout where they were placed. This may sound crazybut I, need to get rid of squirrels! I had a friend die in a house fire caused by squirrels eating wire. I've never had this problem but it is a real concern. Gnawing to enlarge holes, squirrels can enter through small spaces. Here’s how to remove the freeloaders. McRae is conducting further research to see how other squirrels behave when such signals are displayed by others of their kind. ! -Squirrel control without traps or poisons! -Cost-effective. While it may seem a rather complicated endeavor to get rid of squirrels, don’t be discouraged. It is really tasty and nutritious, also can satisfy your hunger for the time. The Delmarva fox squirrel feeds on nuts, seeds and acorns from gum, oak, pine, maple, walnut and hickory trees. They have fur of various shades of cinnamon, with drab grayish cast above, slightly paler below. Florida's Frogs. Spermophilus columbianus, Columbian Ground Squirrel.